Transportation Sector – Energy Use Analysis
  1990   1995 1996 1997 1998
Total Transportation
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 1,877.89   2,011.70 2,053.52 2,126.19 2,186.86
Passenger Transportation 1,154.00   1,176.84 1,194.38 1,221.52 1,248.33
Freight Transportation 670.54   772.72 794.30 837.16 867.62
Off-Road1 53.35   62.14 64.84 67.51 70.92

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Cars 705.47   669.12 652.78 647.67 641.29
Light Trucks 313.05   389.96 412.82 442.99 477.22
Medium Trucks 120.59   147.70 148.93 153.90 159.97
Heavy Trucks 253.63   319.26 336.97 365.41 370.61
Motorcycles 2.37   2.07 2.05 2.12 2.25
School Buses 13.45   16.25 13.43 13.34 13.75
Urban Transit 24.63   26.22 22.60 26.21 25.41
Inter-City Buses 7.92   8.22 6.95 9.17 8.08
Passenger Air 180.92   180.81 204.84 209.27 218.55
Freight Air 6.52   7.29 8.23 8.25 7.85
Passenger Rail 3.75   2.34 2.82 2.51 2.49
Freight Rail 85.71   78.58 76.32 77.75 74.85
Marine 106.52   101.74 99.93 100.10 113.62
Off-Road1 53.35   62.14 64.84 67.51 70.92

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.10   2.99 3.03 2.98 2.86
Natural Gas 1.66   2.36 2.17 2.55 2.54
Motor Gasoline 1,120.39   1,179.24 1,192.51 1,217.98 1,253.06
Diesel Fuel Oil 469.80   549.63 556.97 600.20 606.18
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 60.14   56.58 54.88 56.70 68.82
Aviation Gasoline 5.51   4.18 4.06 3.81 3.87
Aviation Turbo Fuel 181.93   183.92 209.01 213.71 222.53
Propane 35.36   32.81 30.89 28.27 27.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 492,296   545,583 549,481 575,704 585,917
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 574,552   651,060 664,014 708,947 715,522
Passenger Transportation Energy Intensity Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (MJ/Pkm) 2.26   2.10 2.12 2.07 2.08
Freight Transportation Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 1.17   1.19 1.20 1.18 1.21
Total Change in Energy Excluding Off-Road and Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ) 0.00   131.25 173.17 243.44 300.50

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   207.11 230.74 339.01 368.06
Structure Effect 0.00   64.73 85.46 88.53 117.78
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -140.58 -143.03 -184.11 -185.34

Total Passenger Transportation
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 1,154.00   1,176.84 1,194.38 1,221.52 1,248.33
Total Energy Use Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ) 1,114.73   1,143.81 1,164.14 1,191.55 1,218.16

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Cars 705.47   669.12 652.78 647.67 641.29
Light Trucks 215.48   271.81 288.90 311.23 336.50
Medium Trucks 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Trucks 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Motorcycles 2.37   2.07 2.05 2.12 2.25
School Buses 13.45   16.25 13.43 13.34 13.75
Urban Transit 24.63   26.22 22.60 26.21 25.41
Inter-City Buses 7.92   8.22 6.95 9.17 8.08
Air 180.92   180.81 204.84 209.27 218.55
Rail 3.75   2.34 2.82 2.51 2.49
Marine 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Off-Road1 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.10   2.99 3.03 2.98 2.86
Natural Gas 1.61   2.29 2.10 2.44 2.43
Motor Gasoline 902.44   921.20 918.31 935.33 954.88
Diesel Fuel Oil 47.15   53.50 51.13 57.97 56.68
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 1.56   1.23 1.08 0.67 0.61
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 140.09   146.55 173.53 178.63 187.78
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 3.87   2.89 2.93 3.10 3.24
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 35.39   30.14 27.30 26.87 26.93
Propane 18.79   16.04 14.96 13.54 12.93

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 492,296   545,583 549,481 575,704 585,917
Energy Intensity Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (MJ/Pkm) 2.26   2.10 2.12 2.07 2.08
Total Change in Energy Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ) 0.00   29.07 49.41 76.82 103.43

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   114.36 122.57 177.45 198.63
Structure Effect 0.00   0.97 10.16 9.62 13.18
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -86.26 -83.32 -110.25 -108.39

Light Vehicles
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 923.33   943.00 943.73 961.03 980.04

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Cars 705.47   669.12 652.78 647.67 641.29
Light Trucks 215.48   271.81 288.90 311.23 336.50
Motorcycles 2.37   2.07 2.05 2.12 2.25

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 1.14   1.41 1.21 1.98 1.73
Motor Gasoline 895.98   913.03 915.16 931.82 952.08
Diesel Fuel Oil 10.19   12.71 12.39 13.70 13.31
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 16.02   15.86 14.96 13.54 12.93

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 388,069   426,682 427,551 438,621 445,057
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 2.38   2.21 2.21 2.19 2.20
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   19.67 20.40 37.70 56.71

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   95.46 102.18 146.57 163.63
Structure Effect 0.00   0.60 -0.98 -17.98 -17.08
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -76.39 -80.79 -90.89 -89.84

Cars
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 705.47   669.12 652.78 647.67 641.29

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 1.14   1.40 1.21 1.97 1.72
Motor Gasoline 687.37   651.42 636.34 631.44 626.01
Diesel Fuel Oil 4.51   3.95 3.56 3.76 3.56
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 12.45   12.35 11.68 10.50 10.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 311,376   320,184 313,965 315,595 312,422
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 2.27   2.09 2.08 2.05 2.05
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -36.35 -52.69 -57.80 -64.18

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   69.68 74.38 104.69 116.03
Structure Effect 0.00   -52.63 -70.50 -97.60 -115.52
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -53.39 -56.57 -64.89 -64.68

Light Trucks
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 215.48   271.81 288.90 311.23 336.50

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00
Motor Gasoline 206.23   259.54 276.77 298.26 323.81
Diesel Fuel Oil 5.68   8.76 8.84 9.94 9.75
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 3.57   3.51 3.28 3.04 2.93

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 75,089   105,100 112,201 121,591 131,131
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 2.87   2.59 2.57 2.56 2.57
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   56.32 73.41 95.75 121.01

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   25.57 27.56 41.54 47.24
Structure Effect 0.00   53.75 70.07 80.20 98.95
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -22.99 -24.22 -25.99 -25.18

Motorcycles
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 2.37   2.07 2.05 2.12 2.25

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Motor Gasoline 2.37   2.07 2.05 2.12 2.25
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 1,604   1,398 1,385 1,435 1,504
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 1.48   1.48 1.48 1.48 1.50
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -0.30 -0.32 -0.25 -0.12

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   0.22 0.23 0.33 0.37
Structure Effect 0.00   -0.52 -0.55 -0.58 -0.51
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02

Buses
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 46.00   50.69 42.98 48.71 47.24

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
School Buses 13.45   16.25 13.43 13.34 13.75
Urban Transit 24.63   26.22 22.60 26.21 25.41
Inter-City Buses 7.92   8.22 6.95 9.17 8.08

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.10   2.99 3.03 2.98 2.86
Natural Gas 0.47   0.88 0.89 0.46 0.71
Motor Gasoline 6.46   8.17 3.15 3.51 2.80
Diesel Fuel Oil 33.21   38.46 35.92 41.77 40.88
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 2.77   0.19 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 35,669   43,993 38,341 43,728 42,770
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 1.29   1.15 1.12 1.11 1.10
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   4.69 -3.02 2.71 1.24

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   4.54 4.86 6.99 7.83
Structure Effect 0.00   1.81 -4.21 0.74 -2.57
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -1.66 -3.67 -5.01 -4.02

School Buses
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 13.45   16.25 13.43 13.34 13.75

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.80 0.72 0.03 0.00
Motor Gasoline 4.86   4.05 2.94 2.94 2.24
Diesel Fuel Oil 5.83   11.40 9.77 10.37 11.51
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 2.76   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 15,013   21,739 18,747 19,302 20,689
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 0.90   0.75 0.72 0.69 0.66
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   2.80 -0.02 -0.11 0.29

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   1.35 1.45 2.07 2.31
Structure Effect 0.00   3.83 1.54 1.31 2.01
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -2.38 -3.01 -3.49 -4.02

Urban Transit
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 24.63   26.22 22.60 26.21 25.41

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.10   2.99 3.03 2.98 2.86
Natural Gas 0.47   0.08 0.17 0.43 0.70
Motor Gasoline 1.15   0.73 0.03 0.03 0.04
Diesel Fuel Oil 19.91   22.23 19.38 22.77 21.81
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 0.00   0.19 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 12,821   12,905 11,716 14,117 12,831
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 1.92   2.03 1.93 1.86 1.98
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   1.59 -2.03 1.58 0.79

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   2.48 2.65 3.79 4.24
Structure Effect 0.00   -2.42 -4.92 -1.52 -4.44
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   1.53 0.25 -0.69 0.98

Inter-City Buses
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 7.92   8.22 6.95 9.17 8.08

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Motor Gasoline 0.45   3.39 0.18 0.54 0.52
Diesel Fuel Oil 7.47   4.83 6.76 8.62 7.56
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 7,835   9,349 7,878 10,309 9,249
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 1.01   0.88 0.88 0.89 0.87
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   0.30 -0.97 1.24 0.16

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   0.71 0.76 1.13 1.28
Structure Effect 0.00   0.40 -0.82 0.95 -0.13
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -0.81 -0.91 -0.84 -0.99

Passenger Rail
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 3.75   2.34 2.82 2.51 2.49

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 3.75   2.34 2.82 2.51 2.49

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 1,782   1,415 1,469 1,496 1,448
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 2.11   1.65 1.92 1.67 1.72
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -1.42 -0.93 -1.25 -1.26

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   0.29 0.30 0.43 0.47
Structure Effect 0.00   -1.11 -1.04 -1.11 -1.24
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -0.59 -0.20 -0.57 -0.50

Passenger Air
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 180.92   180.81 204.84 209.27 218.55

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 1.56   1.23 1.08 0.67 0.61
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 140.09   146.55 173.53 178.63 187.78
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 3.87   2.89 2.93 3.10 3.24
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 35.39   30.14 27.30 26.87 26.93

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 66,776   73,492 82,120 91,859 96,642
Energy Intensity Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (MJ/Pkm) 2.12   2.01 2.13 1.95 1.95
Total Change in Energy Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ) 0.00   6.13 32.96 37.65 46.74

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   14.08 15.22 23.47 26.70
Structure Effect 0.00   -0.32 16.39 27.97 34.06
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -7.63 1.35 -13.79 -14.03

Total Freight Transportation
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 670.54   772.72 794.30 837.16 867.62

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Light Trucks (0 to 3,855 kg [0 to 8,500 lb.]) 97.57   118.15 123.92 131.75 140.72
Medium Trucks (3,856 to 14,969 kg [8,501 to 33,000 lb.]) 120.59   147.70 148.93 153.90 159.97
Heavy Trucks (14,970 kg [33,001 lb.] or more) 253.63   319.26 336.97 365.41 370.61
Air 6.52   7.29 8.23 8.25 7.85
Rail 85.71   78.58 76.32 77.75 74.85
Marine 106.52   101.74 99.93 100.10 113.62

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.06   0.07 0.06 0.11 0.11
Motor Gasoline 164.61   195.90 209.37 215.14 227.26
Diesel Fuel Oil 422.64   496.13 505.84 542.22 549.50
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 60.14   56.58 54.88 56.70 68.82
Aviation Gasoline 0.07   0.06 0.05 0.03 0.03
Aviation Turbo Fuel 6.45   7.23 8.18 8.22 7.82
Propane 16.57   16.76 15.93 14.74 14.07

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 574,552   651,060 664,014 708,947 715,522
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 1.17   1.19 1.20 1.18 1.21
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   102.18 123.76 166.62 197.08

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   92.74 108.18 161.56 169.43
Structure Effect 0.00   63.76 75.30 78.92 104.60
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -54.32 -59.71 -73.86 -76.95

Truck – Freight Transportation
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 471.79   585.12 609.83 651.06 671.30

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Light Trucks (0 to 3,855 kg [0 to 8,500 lb.]) 97.57   118.15 123.92 131.75 140.72
Medium Trucks (3,856 to 14,969 kg [8,501 to 33,000 lb.]) 120.59   147.70 148.93 153.90 159.97
Heavy Trucks (14,970 kg [33,001 lb.] or more) 253.63   319.26 336.97 365.41 370.61

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.06   0.07 0.06 0.11 0.11
Motor Gasoline 164.61   195.90 209.37 215.14 227.26
Diesel Fuel Oil 290.55   372.38 384.47 421.07 429.86
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 16.57   16.76 15.93 14.74 14.07

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 134,581   179,648 187,541 204,941 214,000
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 3.51   3.26 3.25 3.18 3.14
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   113.33 138.04 179.27 199.51

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   69.06 80.82 122.08 128.18
Structure Effect 0.00   77.74 90.24 97.18 123.99
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -33.46 -33.02 -39.98 -52.66

Light Trucks (0 to 3,855 kg [0 to 8,500 lb.])
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 97.57   118.15 123.92 131.75 140.72

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.06   0.07 0.06 0.11 0.10
Motor Gasoline 79.39   98.75 105.32 113.76 123.39
Diesel Fuel Oil 2.18   3.55 3.60 4.07 4.03
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 15.95   15.79 14.94 13.82 13.20

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 10,508   13,706 14,408 15,362 16,652
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 9.28   8.62 8.60 8.58 8.45
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   20.59 26.36 34.19 43.15

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   14.10 16.48 24.85 26.11
Structure Effect 0.00   14.22 17.88 17.70 27.43
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -7.73 -8.01 -8.37 -10.39

Medium Trucks (3,856 to 14,969 kg [8,501 to 33,000 lb.])
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 120.59   147.70 148.93 153.90 159.97

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01
Motor Gasoline 85.22   97.14 104.05 101.38 103.87
Diesel Fuel Oil 34.75   49.58 43.90 51.59 55.22
Ethanol 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 0.62   0.98 0.99 0.92 0.87

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 13,630   17,928 18,369 19,126 20,058
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 8.85   8.24 8.11 8.05 7.98
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   27.11 28.34 33.30 39.38

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   17.83 20.75 30.66 32.11
Structure Effect 0.00   18.46 19.14 15.35 21.36
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -9.19 -11.56 -12.70 -14.09

Heavy Trucks (14,970 kg [33,001 lb.] or more)
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 253.63   319.26 336.97 365.41 370.61

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 253.63   319.26 336.97 365.41 370.61
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 110,443   148,014 154,763 170,453 177,289
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 2.30   2.16 2.18 2.14 2.09
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   65.64 83.35 111.78 116.98

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   37.12 43.59 66.57 69.97
Structure Effect 0.00   45.05 53.22 64.13 75.20
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -16.54 -13.45 -18.91 -28.18

Marine
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 106.52   101.74 99.93 100.10 113.62

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 46.38   45.16 45.05 43.40 44.80
Heavy Fuel Oil 60.14   56.58 54.88 56.70 68.82

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 189,869   188,890 192,277 196,001 201,314
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 0.56   0.54 0.52 0.51 0.56
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -4.78 -6.60 -6.43 7.10

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   12.24 14.23 20.78 21.76
Structure Effect 0.00   -13.96 -14.16 -18.79 -16.92
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -3.07 -6.67 -8.42 2.25

Freight Rail
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 85.71   78.58 76.32 77.75 74.85

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 85.71   78.58 76.32 77.75 74.85

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 248,348   280,477 282,018 305,635 297,916
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 0.35   0.28 0.27 0.25 0.25
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -7.13 -9.39 -7.96 -10.87

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   10.61 12.14 17.18 17.89
Structure Effect 0.00   -0.25 -1.35 -0.20 -2.85
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -17.50 -20.18 -24.94 -25.90

Freight Air
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 6.52   7.29 8.23 8.25 7.85

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Aviation Gasoline 0.07   0.06 0.05 0.03 0.03
Aviation Turbo Fuel 6.45   7.23 8.18 8.22 7.82

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 1,754   2,045 2,178 2,371 2,292
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 3.72   3.56 3.78 3.48 3.42
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   0.77 1.71 1.73 1.33

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   0.83 0.98 1.52 1.60
Structure Effect 0.00   0.23 0.57 0.73 0.38
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -0.29 0.16 -0.52 -0.65

Footnotes:

1) “Off Road” includes vehicles not registered for on-road travel such as ATVs, snowmobiles, golf carts and some military vehicles.