Transportation Sector – Energy Use Analysis
  1990   2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Total Transportation
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 1,877.89   2,456.85 2,554.45 2,541.90 2,504.97 2,607.73
Passenger Transportation 1,160.61   1,302.76 1,346.74 1,316.41 1,303.08 1,322.95
Freight Transportation 663.93   1,053.74 1,105.90 1,123.19 1,099.71 1,181.51
Off-Road1 53.35   100.36 101.81 102.29 102.19 103.27

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Cars 707.30   601.19 616.02 598.12 596.24 590.23
Light Trucks 310.50   562.46 594.30 591.87 605.84 628.95
Medium Trucks 134.29   231.06 236.30 250.24 262.47 287.29
Heavy Trucks 233.10   456.29 475.98 478.93 479.47 506.46
Motorcycles 2.45   3.62 3.84 3.92 5.30 5.52
School Buses 14.95   12.30 12.31 13.67 12.97 13.14
Urban Transit 28.91   27.68 30.07 31.35 31.07 32.46
Inter-City Buses 9.61   5.91 6.30 6.49 4.67 4.65
Passenger Air 180.92   247.53 251.43 237.71 217.56 224.53
Freight Air 6.52   7.16 5.84 4.90 4.42 5.25
Passenger Rail 3.75   2.70 2.81 3.17 2.28 2.47
Freight Rail 85.71   85.58 91.75 97.04 62.54 81.20
Marine 106.52   113.01 125.68 122.20 117.97 122.31
Off-Road1 53.35   100.36 101.81 102.29 102.19 103.27

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.10   3.50 2.48 2.31 2.37 2.52
Natural Gas 1.66   1.88 1.89 1.89 1.89 1.90
Motor Gasoline 1,120.39   1,369.72 1,393.22 1,375.06 1,394.60 1,413.87
Diesel Fuel Oil 469.80   740.43 772.27 789.27 749.14 817.14
Ethanol n.a.   6.59 30.83 33.05 36.77 45.21
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 60.14   68.70 84.44 84.90 86.98 86.15
Aviation Gasoline 5.51   2.98 3.10 3.00 2.86 2.58
Aviation Turbo Fuel 181.93   251.72 254.18 239.61 219.12 227.20
Propane 35.36   11.35 12.06 12.81 11.25 11.18

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 489,075   653,152 674,912 674,749 678,440 702,349
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 554,923   887,026 894,205 868,009 789,575 853,072

Passenger Transportation Energy Intensity Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (MJ/Pkm)
2.29   1.95 1.93 1.89 1.88 1.84

Freight Transportation Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm)
1.20   1.19 1.24 1.29 1.39 1.39

Total Change in Energy Excluding Off-Road and Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ)
0.00   540.24 626.53 615.99 587.57 691.38

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   750.77 801.70 768.26 670.14 802.77
Structure Effect 0.00   214.58 248.90 278.23 344.29 342.45
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -425.11 -424.07 -430.49 -426.86 -453.84

Total Passenger Transportation
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
1,160.61   1,302.76 1,346.74 1,316.41 1,303.08 1,322.95

Total Energy Use Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ)
1,121.34   1,271.78 1,305.90 1,278.08 1,273.14 1,295.15

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Cars 707.30   601.19 616.02 598.12 596.24 590.23
Light Trucks 212.71   401.82 423.96 421.98 433.00 449.95
Medium Trucks 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Trucks 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Motorcycles 2.45   3.62 3.84 3.92 5.30 5.52
School Buses 14.95   12.30 12.31 13.67 12.97 13.14
Urban Transit 28.91   27.68 30.07 31.35 31.07 32.46
Inter-City Buses 9.61   5.91 6.30 6.49 4.67 4.65
Air 180.92   247.53 251.43 237.71 217.56 224.53
Rail 3.75   2.70 2.81 3.17 2.28 2.47
Marine 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Off-Road1 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.10   3.50 2.48 2.31 2.37 2.52
Natural Gas 1.61   1.75 1.76 1.75 1.71 1.66
Motor Gasoline 899.93   989.12 1,008.32 985.82 995.26 1,000.32
Diesel Fuel Oil 56.25   50.69 54.35 58.16 54.32 56.40
Ethanol n.a.   4.71 22.55 24.40 26.85 32.34
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 1.56   0.96 1.35 1.29 1.12 1.00
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 140.09   215.59 209.24 198.08 186.50 195.73
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 3.87   1.98 1.71 1.68 1.71 1.56
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 35.39   29.00 39.13 36.66 28.23 26.25
Propane 18.80   5.45 5.86 6.27 5.01 5.18

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 489,075   653,152 674,912 674,749 678,440 702,349

Energy Intensity Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (MJ/Pkm)
2.29   1.95 1.93 1.89 1.88 1.84

Total Change in Energy Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ)
0.00   150.44 184.56 156.73 151.79 173.80

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   342.96 385.19 384.88 391.83 436.30
Structure Effect 0.00   21.11 31.02 28.05 30.80 28.33
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -213.63 -231.65 -256.20 -270.84 -290.83

Light Vehicles
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
922.47   1,006.64 1,043.83 1,024.03 1,034.53 1,045.69

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Cars 707.30   601.19 616.02 598.12 596.24 590.23
Light Trucks 212.71   401.82 423.96 421.98 433.00 449.95
Motorcycles 2.45   3.62 3.84 3.92 5.30 5.52

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 1.14   1.20 1.10 1.10 0.93 1.00
Motor Gasoline 893.27   988.37 1,007.29 985.22 994.53 999.63
Diesel Fuel Oil 12.02   6.90 7.06 7.06 7.23 7.57
Ethanol n.a.   4.71 22.53 24.38 26.83 32.32
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 16.03   5.45 5.86 6.27 5.01 5.18

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 379,275   478,009 498,554 492,483 500,084 508,298

Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm)
2.43   2.11 2.09 2.08 2.07 2.06

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   84.17 121.36 101.56 112.07 123.23

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   278.67 312.27 312.02 317.63 353.65
Structure Effect 0.00   -30.91 -19.85 -30.98 -18.41 -34.63
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -163.59 -171.05 -179.48 -187.15 -195.79

Cars
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
707.30   601.19 616.02 598.12 596.24 590.23

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 1.14   1.20 1.10 1.09 0.93 0.99
Motor Gasoline 688.09   588.35 592.28 573.57 571.58 562.45
Diesel Fuel Oil 5.61   4.69 4.88 4.58 4.58 4.85
Ethanol n.a.   2.81 13.29 14.07 15.27 17.88
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 12.46   4.15 4.48 4.81 3.89 4.06

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 304,018   310,163 320,335 313,640 314,951 314,043

Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm)
2.33   1.94 1.92 1.91 1.89 1.88

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   -106.11 -91.28 -109.18 -111.07 -117.07

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   187.97 207.92 207.77 211.03 231.57
Structure Effect 0.00   -176.36 -176.54 -189.19 -189.67 -211.92
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -117.72 -122.66 -127.76 -132.43 -136.73

Light Trucks
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
212.71   401.82 423.96 421.98 433.00 449.95

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Motor Gasoline 202.74   396.41 411.24 407.80 417.77 431.82
Diesel Fuel Oil 6.40   2.21 2.17 2.48 2.65 2.71
Ethanol n.a.   1.88 9.17 10.24 11.45 14.29
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 3.57   1.30 1.38 1.46 1.12 1.12

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 73,603   164,790 174,898 175,454 182,114 191,112

Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm)
2.89   2.44 2.42 2.41 2.38 2.35

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   189.11 211.25 209.27 220.28 237.23

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   89.97 103.49 103.39 105.72 121.01
Structure Effect 0.00   144.35 155.40 156.84 170.44 176.44
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -45.21 -47.64 -50.97 -55.88 -60.21

Motorcycles
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
2.45   3.62 3.84 3.92 5.30 5.52

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Motor Gasoline 2.45   3.61 3.77 3.85 5.18 5.37
Ethanol n.a.   0.02 0.07 0.07 0.12 0.15

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 1,654   3,057 3,321 3,389 3,019 3,144

Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm)
1.48   1.18 1.16 1.16 1.75 1.75

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   1.17 1.39 1.47 2.85 3.07

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   0.73 0.85 0.85 0.88 1.07
Structure Effect 0.00   1.10 1.29 1.37 0.82 0.85
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -0.66 -0.75 -0.75 1.15 1.15

Buses
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
53.47   45.89 48.68 51.51 48.71 50.25

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
School Buses 14.95   12.30 12.31 13.67 12.97 13.14
Urban Transit 28.91   27.68 30.07 31.35 31.07 32.46
Inter-City Buses 9.61   5.91 6.30 6.49 4.67 4.65

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.10   3.50 2.48 2.31 2.37 2.52
Natural Gas 0.47   0.54 0.65 0.65 0.78 0.66
Motor Gasoline 6.66   0.75 1.04 0.60 0.73 0.69
Diesel Fuel Oil 40.48   41.09 44.49 47.94 44.81 46.36
Ethanol n.a.   0.00 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 2.77   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 41,241   54,963 48,572 51,091 54,260 56,360

Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm)
1.30   0.83 1.00 1.01 0.90 0.89

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   -7.59 -4.80 -1.97 -4.77 -3.22

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   13.81 15.35 15.34 15.62 17.33
Structure Effect 0.00   -2.33 -9.66 -7.02 -4.86 -4.56
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -19.06 -10.50 -10.29 -15.52 -15.99

School Buses
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
14.95   12.30 12.31 13.67 12.97 13.14

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 0.07
Motor Gasoline 5.01   0.56 0.85 0.37 0.53 0.48
Diesel Fuel Oil 7.18   11.73 11.45 13.29 12.19 12.57
Ethanol n.a.   0.00 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.02
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 2.77   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 16,686   28,775 23,926 25,660 28,986 30,757

Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm)
0.90   0.43 0.51 0.53 0.45 0.43

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   -2.65 -2.64 -1.28 -1.99 -1.81

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   3.90 4.30 4.30 4.37 4.82
Structure Effect 0.00   3.14 0.47 1.38 2.92 3.24
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -9.69 -7.41 -6.96 -9.27 -9.87

Urban Transit
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
28.91   27.68 30.07 31.35 31.07 32.46

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.10   3.50 2.48 2.31 2.37 2.52
Natural Gas 0.47   0.54 0.65 0.65 0.54 0.59
Motor Gasoline 1.18   0.02 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05
Diesel Fuel Oil 24.16   23.62 26.90 28.34 28.11 29.30
Ethanol n.a.   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 15,052   19,214 16,434 17,516 18,467 19,523

Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm)
1.92   1.44 1.83 1.79 1.68 1.66

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   -1.23 1.15 2.44 2.15 3.54

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   7.77 8.72 8.71 8.88 9.98
Structure Effect 0.00   -1.21 -6.65 -4.69 -3.21 -2.54
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -7.80 -0.91 -1.59 -3.52 -3.89

Inter-City Buses
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
9.61   5.91 6.30 6.49 4.67 4.65

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Motor Gasoline 0.47   0.16 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.16
Diesel Fuel Oil 9.14   5.74 6.14 6.31 4.51 4.49
Ethanol n.a.   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 9,503   6,975 8,211 7,915 6,806 6,080

Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm)
1.01   0.85 0.77 0.82 0.69 0.76

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   -3.70 -3.31 -3.12 -4.93 -4.96

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   2.14 2.34 2.34 2.37 2.53
Structure Effect 0.00   -4.27 -3.47 -3.71 -4.57 -5.26
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -1.57 -2.17 -1.75 -2.73 -2.23

Passenger Rail
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
3.75   2.70 2.81 3.17 2.28 2.47

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 3.75   2.70 2.81 3.17 2.28 2.47

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 1,782   1,450 1,453 1,574 1,413 1,404

Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm)
2.11   1.86 1.93 2.01 1.61 1.76

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   -1.05 -0.95 -0.59 -1.48 -1.28

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   0.79 0.88 0.88 0.89 0.97
Structure Effect 0.00   -1.54 -1.63 -1.39 -1.69 -1.79
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -0.30 -0.20 -0.08 -0.68 -0.46

Passenger Air
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
180.92   247.53 251.43 237.71 217.56 224.53

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 1.56   0.96 1.35 1.29 1.12 1.00
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 140.09   215.59 209.24 198.08 186.50 195.73
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 3.87   1.98 1.71 1.68 1.71 1.56
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 35.39   29.00 39.13 36.66 28.23 26.25

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 66,776   118,729 126,334 129,600 122,683 136,286

Energy Intensity Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (MJ/Pkm)
2.12   1.82 1.67 1.54 1.53 1.44

Total Change in Energy Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ)
0.00   74.90 68.94 57.72 45.97 55.08

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   49.69 56.69 56.64 57.70 64.35
Structure Effect 0.00   55.89 62.15 67.43 55.77 69.32
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -30.68 -49.90 -66.35 -67.49 -78.59

Total Freight Transportation
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
663.93   1,053.74 1,105.90 1,123.19 1,099.71 1,181.51

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Light Trucks (0 to 3,855 kg [0 to 8,500 lb.]) 97.79   160.64 170.34 169.89 172.84 179.00
Medium Trucks (3,856 to 14,969 kg [8,501 to 33,000 lb.]) 134.29   231.06 236.30 250.24 262.47 287.29
Heavy Trucks (14,970 kg [33,001 lb.] or more) 233.10   456.29 475.98 478.93 479.47 506.46
Air 6.52   7.16 5.84 4.90 4.42 5.25
Rail 85.71   85.58 91.75 97.04 62.54 81.20
Marine 106.52   113.01 125.68 122.20 117.97 122.31

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.06   0.13 0.13 0.14 0.18 0.23
Motor Gasoline 167.11   280.70 285.20 289.27 299.66 313.35
Diesel Fuel Oil 413.55   689.74 717.92 731.11 694.82 760.74
Ethanol n.a.   1.41 6.17 6.34 7.41 9.79
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 60.14   68.70 84.44 84.90 86.98 86.15
Aviation Gasoline 0.07   0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03
Aviation Turbo Fuel 6.45   7.13 5.81 4.87 4.39 5.22
Propane 16.55   5.89 6.20 6.54 6.24 6.00

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 554,923   887,026 894,205 868,009 789,575 853,072

Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm)
1.20   1.19 1.24 1.29 1.39 1.39

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   389.80 441.97 459.26 435.78 517.58

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   407.81 416.52 383.38 278.31 366.47
Structure Effect 0.00   193.47 217.88 250.18 313.49 314.12
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -211.48 -192.42 -174.29 -156.02 -163.01

Truck – Freight Transportation
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
465.18   847.99 882.62 899.05 914.78 972.75

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Light Trucks (0 to 3,855 kg [0 to 8,500 lb.]) 97.79   160.64 170.34 169.89 172.84 179.00
Medium Trucks (3,856 to 14,969 kg [8,501 to 33,000 lb.]) 134.29   231.06 236.30 250.24 262.47 287.29
Heavy Trucks (14,970 kg [33,001 lb.] or more) 233.10   456.29 475.98 478.93 479.47 506.46

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.06   0.13 0.13 0.14 0.18 0.23
Motor Gasoline 167.11   280.70 285.20 289.27 299.66 313.35
Diesel Fuel Oil 281.46   559.85 584.93 596.76 601.29 643.38
Ethanol n.a.   1.41 6.17 6.34 7.41 9.79
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 16.55   5.89 6.20 6.54 6.24 6.00

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 114,952   272,681 281,739 283,259 276,465 294,823

Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm)
4.05   3.11 3.13 3.17 3.31 3.30

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   382.81 417.44 433.87 449.61 507.58

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   316.67 323.64 297.16 211.33 284.30
Structure Effect 0.00   220.05 249.03 284.68 355.63 359.20
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -153.90 -155.23 -147.96 -117.35 -135.92

Light Trucks (0 to 3,855 kg [0 to 8,500 lb.])
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
97.79   160.64 170.34 169.89 172.84 179.00

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.06   0.13 0.13 0.14 0.11 0.13
Motor Gasoline 79.25   152.83 159.48 158.35 162.25 167.27
Diesel Fuel Oil 2.55   1.02 1.00 1.12 1.18 1.19
Ethanol n.a.   0.76 3.53 3.73 4.25 5.37
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 15.93   5.89 6.20 6.54 5.05 5.04

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 10,463   20,686 22,468 22,572 23,235 24,300

Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm)
9.35   7.77 7.58 7.53 7.44 7.37

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   62.85 72.55 72.10 75.05 81.21

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   63.78 65.12 60.06 43.83 57.44
Structure Effect 0.00   22.83 35.17 41.01 62.20 56.48
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -23.77 -27.74 -28.97 -30.98 -32.70

Medium Trucks (3,856 to 14,969 kg [8,501 to 33,000 lb.])
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
134.29   231.06 236.30 250.24 262.47 287.29

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.10
Motor Gasoline 87.86   127.87 125.72 130.92 137.41 146.08
Diesel Fuel Oil 45.81   102.53 107.95 116.71 120.64 135.73
Ethanol n.a.   0.65 2.63 2.60 3.16 4.42
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 0.62   0.00 0.00 0.00 1.19 0.96

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 15,079   34,673 36,211 37,408 36,649 43,112

Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm)
8.91   6.66 6.53 6.69 7.16 6.66

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   96.77 102.01 115.95 128.18 153.00

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   81.09 82.97 75.74 51.52 72.76
Structure Effect 0.00   68.12 76.37 91.51 110.50 133.86
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -52.44 -57.34 -51.31 -33.84 -53.62

Heavy Trucks (14,970 kg [33,001 lb.] or more)
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
233.10   456.29 475.98 478.93 479.47 506.46

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 233.10   456.29 475.98 478.93 479.47 506.46
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 89,409   217,323 223,060 223,280 216,582 227,411

Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm)
2.61   2.10 2.13 2.14 2.21 2.23

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   223.20 242.88 245.83 246.38 273.36

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   171.79 175.55 161.35 115.97 154.09
Structure Effect 0.00   129.10 137.49 152.15 182.94 168.87
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -77.70 -70.15 -67.68 -52.54 -49.60

Marine
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
106.52   113.01 125.68 122.20 117.97 122.31

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 46.38   44.32 41.25 37.31 30.99 36.16
Heavy Fuel Oil 60.14   68.70 84.44 84.90 86.98 86.15

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 189,869   259,640 251,637 242,848 211,653 214,839

Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm)
0.56   0.44 0.50 0.50 0.56 0.57

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   6.49 19.16 15.68 11.44 15.79

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   50.52 51.48 47.80 36.43 45.72
Structure Effect 0.00   -15.97 -20.66 -21.38 -26.51 -34.01
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -28.06 -11.66 -10.74 1.52 4.07

Freight Rail
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
85.71   85.58 91.75 97.04 62.54 81.20

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 85.71   85.58 91.75 97.04 62.54 81.20

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 248,348   352,477 358,832 340,092 299,829 341,325

Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm)
0.35   0.24 0.26 0.29 0.21 0.24

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   -0.13 6.04 11.33 -23.17 -4.51

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   37.15 37.87 35.06 27.62 33.15
Structure Effect 0.00   -8.94 -8.07 -10.33 -12.78 -9.05
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -28.35 -23.76 -13.41 -38.01 -28.62

Freight Air
 

Total Energy Use (PJ)
6.52   7.16 5.84 4.90 4.42 5.25

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Aviation Gasoline 0.07   0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03
Aviation Turbo Fuel 6.45   7.13 5.81 4.87 4.39 5.22

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 1,754   2,227 1,997 1,809 1,628 2,085

Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm)
3.72   3.21 2.93 2.71 2.71 2.52

Total Change in Energy (PJ)
0.00   0.64 -0.68 -1.62 -2.10 -1.27

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   3.47 3.52 3.37 2.92 3.30
Structure Effect 0.00   -1.67 -2.43 -2.79 -2.85 -2.03
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -1.17 -1.77 -2.19 -2.18 -2.54

Footnotes:
1) “Off Road” includes vehicles not registered for on-road travel such as ATVs, snowmobiles, golf carts and some military vehicles.

n.a. - Denotes data that is not available.