Transportation Sector – Energy Use Analysis
  1990   2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Total Transportation
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 1,877.89   2,456.85 2,554.45 2,541.90 2,504.97 2,607.73
Passenger Transportation 1,151.11   1,307.74 1,352.55 1,321.59 1,310.59 1,332.87
Freight Transportation 673.43   1,048.75 1,100.09 1,118.01 1,092.20 1,171.67
Off-Road1 53.35   100.36 101.81 102.29 102.19 103.20

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Cars 706.11   601.61 616.50 598.52 596.83 590.99
Light Trucks 308.91   562.78 594.70 592.30 606.47 629.75
Medium Trucks 123.30   244.14 251.91 265.65 283.30 316.20
Heavy Trucks 254.08   438.12 454.43 458.19 450.92 467.45
Motorcycles 2.45   3.62 3.84 3.92 5.30 5.52
School Buses 13.62   13.54 13.62 14.91 14.74 15.48
Urban Transit 24.70   30.18 33.13 34.01 35.15 37.90
Inter-City Buses 7.95   6.51 7.00 7.08 5.33 5.48
Passenger Air 180.92   247.53 251.43 237.71 217.56 224.53
Freight Air 6.52   7.16 5.84 4.90 4.42 5.25
Passenger Rail 3.75   2.70 2.81 3.17 2.28 2.47
Freight Rail 85.71   85.58 91.75 97.04 62.54 81.20
Marine 106.52   113.01 125.68 122.20 117.97 122.31
Off-Road1 53.35   100.36 101.81 102.29 102.19 103.20

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.10   3.50 2.48 2.31 2.37 2.52
Natural Gas 1.66   1.88 1.89 1.89 1.89 1.90
Motor Gasoline 1,120.39   1,369.72 1,393.22 1,375.06 1,394.60 1,413.87
Diesel Fuel Oil 469.80   740.43 772.27 789.27 749.14 817.14
Ethanol n.a.   6.59 30.83 33.05 36.77 45.21
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 60.14   68.70 84.44 84.90 86.98 86.15
Aviation Gasoline 5.51   2.98 3.10 3.00 2.86 2.58
Aviation Turbo Fuel 181.93   251.72 254.18 239.61 219.12 227.20
Propane 35.36   11.35 12.06 12.81 11.25 11.18

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 482,718   658,910 680,490 679,686 686,353 712,913
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 574,721   896,700 898,121 870,771 784,410 851,409
Passenger Transportation Energy Intensity Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (MJ/Pkm) 2.30   1.94 1.93 1.89 1.87 1.83
Freight Transportation Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 1.17   1.17 1.22 1.28 1.39 1.38
Total Change in Energy Excluding Off-Road and Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ) 0.00   540.24 626.53 615.99 587.57 691.46

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   753.32 796.72 760.89 658.19 799.97
Structure Effect 0.00   192.09 223.34 252.03 312.59 317.01
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -405.17 -393.53 -396.92 -383.21 -425.52

Total Passenger Transportation
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 1,151.11   1,307.74 1,352.55 1,321.59 1,310.59 1,332.87
Total Energy Use Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ) 1,111.84   1,276.77 1,311.72 1,283.25 1,280.65 1,305.07

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Cars 706.11   601.61 616.50 598.52 596.83 590.99
Light Trucks 211.60   402.04 424.23 422.27 433.41 450.49
Medium Trucks 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Trucks 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Motorcycles 2.45   3.62 3.84 3.92 5.30 5.52
School Buses 13.62   13.54 13.62 14.91 14.74 15.48
Urban Transit 24.70   30.18 33.13 34.01 35.15 37.90
Inter-City Buses 7.95   6.51 7.00 7.08 5.33 5.48
Air 180.92   247.53 251.43 237.71 217.56 224.53
Rail 3.75   2.70 2.81 3.17 2.28 2.47
Marine 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Off-Road1 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.10   3.50 2.48 2.31 2.37 2.52
Natural Gas 1.61   1.75 1.76 1.75 1.71 1.66
Motor Gasoline 899.93   989.12 1,008.32 985.82 995.26 1,000.37
Diesel Fuel Oil 46.75   55.68 60.16 63.34 61.83 66.27
Ethanol n.a.   4.71 22.55 24.40 26.85 32.34
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 1.56   0.96 1.35 1.29 1.12 1.00
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 140.09   215.59 209.24 198.08 186.50 195.73
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 3.87   1.98 1.71 1.68 1.71 1.56
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 35.39   29.00 39.13 36.66 28.23 26.25
Propane 18.80   5.45 5.86 6.27 5.01 5.18

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 482,718   658,910 680,490 679,686 686,353 712,913
Energy Intensity Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (MJ/Pkm) 2.30   1.94 1.93 1.89 1.87 1.83
Total Change in Energy Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ) 0.00   164.93 199.87 171.41 168.81 193.22

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   368.32 410.02 408.48 420.99 470.08
Structure Effect 0.00   11.85 22.29 19.84 20.01 15.42
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -215.25 -232.43 -256.92 -272.20 -292.27

Light Vehicles
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 920.16   1,007.27 1,044.57 1,024.72 1,035.54 1,047.00

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Cars 706.11   601.61 616.50 598.52 596.83 590.99
Light Trucks 211.60   402.04 424.23 422.27 433.41 450.49
Motorcycles 2.45   3.62 3.84 3.92 5.30 5.52

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 1.14   1.20 1.10 1.10 0.93 1.00
Motor Gasoline 893.27   988.37 1,007.29 985.22 994.53 999.67
Diesel Fuel Oil 9.71   7.54 7.79 7.74 8.24 8.84
Ethanol n.a.   4.71 22.53 24.38 26.83 32.32
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 16.03   5.45 5.86 6.27 5.01 5.18

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 378,234   478,405 499,005 492,878 500,664 509,036
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 2.43   2.11 2.09 2.08 2.07 2.06
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   87.11 124.41 104.56 115.38 126.84

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   299.42 332.48 331.25 341.31 380.84
Structure Effect 0.00   -48.27 -36.57 -46.81 -38.31 -57.72
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -164.04 -171.51 -179.89 -187.62 -196.28

Cars
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 706.11   601.61 616.50 598.52 596.83 590.99

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 1.14   1.20 1.10 1.09 0.93 0.99
Motor Gasoline 688.09   588.35 592.28 573.57 571.57 562.41
Diesel Fuel Oil 4.42   5.11 5.36 4.98 5.18 5.66
Ethanol n.a.   2.81 13.29 14.07 15.27 17.88
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 12.46   4.15 4.48 4.81 3.89 4.06

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 303,433   310,476 320,685 313,924 315,368 314,582
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 2.33   1.94 1.92 1.91 1.89 1.88
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -104.49 -89.61 -107.58 -109.27 -115.11

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   202.26 221.88 221.16 227.00 249.55
Structure Effect 0.00   -188.77 -188.57 -200.77 -203.56 -227.58
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -117.98 -122.92 -127.98 -132.71 -137.08

Light Trucks
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 211.60   402.04 424.23 422.27 433.41 450.49

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Motor Gasoline 202.74   396.41 411.24 407.80 417.77 431.90
Diesel Fuel Oil 5.29   2.43 2.43 2.76 3.06 3.18
Ethanol n.a.   1.88 9.17 10.24 11.45 14.29
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 3.57   1.30 1.38 1.46 1.12 1.12

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 73,148   164,872 174,998 175,565 182,276 191,309
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 2.89   2.44 2.42 2.41 2.38 2.35
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   190.44 212.62 210.67 221.81 238.89

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   96.39 109.70 109.20 113.37 130.15
Structure Effect 0.00   139.45 150.76 152.62 164.50 169.09
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -45.40 -47.83 -51.16 -56.06 -60.35

Motorcycles
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 2.45   3.62 3.84 3.92 5.30 5.52

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Motor Gasoline 2.45   3.61 3.77 3.85 5.18 5.37
Ethanol n.a.   0.02 0.07 0.07 0.12 0.15

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 1,654   3,057 3,321 3,389 3,019 3,144
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 1.48   1.18 1.16 1.16 1.75 1.75
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   1.17 1.39 1.47 2.85 3.07

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   0.78 0.90 0.89 0.94 1.14
Structure Effect 0.00   1.06 1.25 1.33 0.76 0.77
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -0.66 -0.75 -0.75 1.15 1.15

Buses
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 46.28   50.24 53.75 56.00 55.21 58.86

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
School Buses 13.62   13.54 13.62 14.91 14.74 15.48
Urban Transit 24.70   30.18 33.13 34.01 35.15 37.90
Inter-City Buses 7.95   6.51 7.00 7.08 5.33 5.48

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.10   3.50 2.48 2.31 2.37 2.52
Natural Gas 0.47   0.54 0.65 0.65 0.78 0.66
Motor Gasoline 6.66   0.75 1.04 0.60 0.73 0.69
Diesel Fuel Oil 33.28   45.44 49.56 52.43 51.31 54.97
Ethanol n.a.   0.00 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 2.77   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 35,926   60,325 53,698 55,632 61,593 66,187
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 1.29   0.83 1.00 1.01 0.90 0.89
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   3.96 7.47 9.72 8.93 12.58

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   14.86 16.54 16.47 17.01 19.18
Structure Effect 0.00   9.33 1.76 3.85 8.32 10.35
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -20.23 -10.83 -10.60 -16.40 -16.94

School Buses
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 13.62   13.54 13.62 14.91 14.74 15.48

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 0.07
Motor Gasoline 5.01   0.56 0.85 0.37 0.53 0.48
Diesel Fuel Oil 5.85   12.98 12.75 14.53 13.96 14.91
Ethanol n.a.   0.00 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.02
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 2.77   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 15,201   31,682 26,463 27,996 32,941 36,221
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 0.90   0.43 0.51 0.53 0.45 0.43
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -0.08 0.00 1.29 1.11 1.85

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   4.19 4.63 4.61 4.76 5.33
Structure Effect 0.00   5.80 2.92 3.73 5.98 6.84
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -10.07 -7.55 -7.06 -9.63 -10.32

Urban Transit
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 24.70   30.18 33.13 34.01 35.15 37.90

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.10   3.50 2.48 2.31 2.37 2.52
Natural Gas 0.47   0.54 0.65 0.65 0.54 0.59
Motor Gasoline 1.18   0.02 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05
Diesel Fuel Oil 19.95   26.12 29.97 30.99 32.19 34.74
Ethanol n.a.   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 12,861   20,951 18,111 18,999 20,892 22,796
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 1.92   1.44 1.83 1.79 1.68 1.66
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   5.48 8.43 9.30 10.44 13.19

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   8.38 9.40 9.36 9.70 11.09
Structure Effect 0.00   5.94 0.32 1.97 4.91 6.71
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -8.85 -1.29 -2.03 -4.17 -4.60

Inter-City Buses
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 7.95   6.51 7.00 7.08 5.33 5.48

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Motor Gasoline 0.47   0.16 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.16
Diesel Fuel Oil 7.48   6.35 6.84 6.91 5.17 5.32
Ethanol n.a.   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 7,864   7,692 9,124 8,637 7,760 7,170
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 1.01   0.85 0.77 0.82 0.69 0.76
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -1.44 -0.95 -0.87 -2.62 -2.47

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   2.29 2.50 2.50 2.56 2.76
Structure Effect 0.00   -2.41 -1.48 -1.85 -2.57 -3.21
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -1.31 -1.98 -1.51 -2.60 -2.02

Passenger Rail
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 3.75   2.70 2.81 3.17 2.28 2.47

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 3.75   2.70 2.81 3.17 2.28 2.47

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 1,782   1,450 1,453 1,574 1,413 1,404
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 2.11   1.86 1.93 2.01 1.61 1.76
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -1.05 -0.95 -0.59 -1.48 -1.28

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   0.85 0.93 0.93 0.96 1.05
Structure Effect 0.00   -1.60 -1.68 -1.44 -1.76 -1.86
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -0.30 -0.20 -0.08 -0.68 -0.46

Passenger Air
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 180.92   247.53 251.43 237.71 217.56 224.53

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 1.56   0.96 1.35 1.29 1.12 1.00
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 140.09   215.59 209.24 198.08 186.50 195.73
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 3.87   1.98 1.71 1.68 1.71 1.56
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 35.39   29.00 39.13 36.66 28.23 26.25

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 66,776   118,729 126,334 129,600 122,683 136,286
Energy Intensity Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (MJ/Pkm) 2.12   1.82 1.67 1.54 1.53 1.44
Total Change in Energy Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ) 0.00   74.90 68.94 57.72 45.97 55.08

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   53.19 60.07 59.83 61.71 69.01
Structure Effect 0.00   52.40 58.77 64.25 51.75 64.66
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -30.68 -49.90 -66.35 -67.49 -78.59

Total Freight Transportation
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 673.43   1,048.75 1,100.09 1,118.01 1,092.20 1,171.67

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Light Trucks (0 to 3,855 kg [0 to 8,500 lb.]) 97.30   160.74 170.47 170.03 173.06 179.26
Medium Trucks (3,856 to 14,969 kg [8,501 to 33,000 lb.]) 123.30   244.14 251.91 265.65 283.30 316.20
Heavy Trucks (14,970 kg [33,001 lb.] or more) 254.08   438.12 454.43 458.19 450.92 467.45
Air 6.52   7.16 5.84 4.90 4.42 5.25
Rail 85.71   85.58 91.75 97.04 62.54 81.20
Marine 106.52   113.01 125.68 122.20 117.97 122.31

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.06   0.13 0.13 0.14 0.18 0.23
Motor Gasoline 167.11   280.70 285.20 289.27 299.66 313.37
Diesel Fuel Oil 423.05   684.75 712.11 725.93 687.31 750.87
Ethanol n.a.   1.41 6.17 6.34 7.41 9.79
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 60.14   68.70 84.44 84.90 86.98 86.15
Aviation Gasoline 0.07   0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03
Aviation Turbo Fuel 6.45   7.13 5.81 4.87 4.39 5.22
Propane 16.55   5.89 6.20 6.54 6.24 6.00

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 574,721   896,700 898,121 870,771 784,410 851,409
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 1.17   1.17 1.22 1.28 1.39 1.38
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   375.31 426.65 444.58 418.76 498.23

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   385.00 386.70 352.40 237.19 329.89
Structure Effect 0.00   180.24 201.06 232.18 292.58 301.59
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -189.92 -161.10 -140.00 -111.01 -133.25

Truck – Freight Transportation
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 474.68   843.00 876.81 893.87 907.27 962.90

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Light Trucks (0 to 3,855 kg [0 to 8,500 lb.]) 97.30   160.74 170.47 170.03 173.06 179.26
Medium Trucks (3,856 to 14,969 kg [8,501 to 33,000 lb.]) 123.30   244.14 251.91 265.65 283.30 316.20
Heavy Trucks (14,970 kg [33,001 lb.] or more) 254.08   438.12 454.43 458.19 450.92 467.45

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.06   0.13 0.13 0.14 0.18 0.23
Motor Gasoline 167.11   280.70 285.20 289.27 299.66 313.37
Diesel Fuel Oil 290.96   554.86 579.12 591.58 593.78 633.50
Ethanol n.a.   1.41 6.17 6.34 7.41 9.79
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 16.55   5.89 6.20 6.54 6.24 6.00

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 134,750   282,356 285,655 286,021 271,300 293,159
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 3.52   2.99 3.07 3.13 3.34 3.28
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   368.32 402.13 419.19 432.59 488.23

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   298.76 300.12 272.74 178.75 255.36
Structure Effect 0.00   201.91 225.91 260.12 326.18 339.03
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -132.35 -123.91 -113.67 -72.34 -106.17

Light Trucks (0 to 3,855 kg [0 to 8,500 lb.])
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 97.30   160.74 170.47 170.03 173.06 179.26

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.06   0.13 0.13 0.14 0.11 0.13
Motor Gasoline 79.25   152.83 159.48 158.35 162.25 167.29
Diesel Fuel Oil 2.07   1.12 1.13 1.26 1.39 1.41
Ethanol n.a.   0.76 3.53 3.73 4.25 5.37
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 15.93   5.89 6.20 6.54 5.05 5.04

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 10,400   20,698 22,484 22,589 23,261 24,329
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 9.36   7.77 7.58 7.53 7.44 7.37
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   63.44 73.17 72.73 75.75 81.95

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   60.40 60.67 55.40 37.49 51.92
Structure Effect 0.00   26.93 40.37 46.43 69.37 62.84
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -23.90 -27.87 -29.10 -31.10 -32.81

Medium Trucks (3,856 to 14,969 kg [8,501 to 33,000 lb.])
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 123.30   244.14 251.91 265.65 283.30 316.20

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.10
Motor Gasoline 87.86   127.87 125.72 130.92 137.41 146.08
Diesel Fuel Oil 34.82   115.62 123.56 132.13 141.47 164.63
Ethanol n.a.   0.65 2.63 2.60 3.16 4.42
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Propane 0.62   0.00 0.00 0.00 1.19 0.95

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 13,946   36,520 38,388 39,584 39,463 47,218
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 8.84   6.69 6.56 6.71 7.18 6.70
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   120.84 128.61 142.36 160.00 192.90

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   76.96 77.35 69.35 40.75 65.28
Structure Effect 0.00   95.95 107.93 123.86 151.63 180.80
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -52.06 -56.67 -50.86 -32.38 -53.19

Heavy Trucks (14,970 kg [33,001 lb.] or more)
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 254.08   438.12 454.43 458.19 450.92 467.45

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 254.08   438.12 454.43 458.19 450.92 467.45
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 110,405   225,138 224,783 223,849 208,576 221,612
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 2.30   1.95 2.02 2.05 2.16 2.11
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   184.04 200.35 204.11 196.84 213.38

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   161.40 162.11 147.99 100.52 138.15
Structure Effect 0.00   79.03 77.62 89.83 105.18 95.39
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -56.39 -39.38 -33.71 -8.86 -20.16

Marine
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 106.52   113.01 125.68 122.20 117.97 122.31

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 46.38   44.32 41.25 37.31 30.99 36.16
Heavy Fuel Oil 60.14   68.70 84.44 84.90 86.98 86.15

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 189,869   259,640 251,637 242,848 211,653 214,839
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 0.56   0.44 0.50 0.50 0.56 0.57
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   6.49 19.16 15.68 11.44 15.79

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   47.71 47.90 44.07 31.54 41.38
Structure Effect 0.00   -13.16 -17.08 -17.65 -21.62 -29.66
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -28.06 -11.66 -10.74 1.52 4.07

Freight Rail
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 85.71   85.58 91.75 97.04 62.54 81.20

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 85.71   85.58 91.75 97.04 62.54 81.20

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 248,348   352,477 358,832 340,092 299,829 341,325
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 0.35   0.24 0.26 0.29 0.21 0.24
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -0.13 6.04 11.33 -23.17 -4.51

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   35.23 35.37 32.45 24.25 30.11
Structure Effect 0.00   -7.02 -5.57 -7.72 -9.41 -6.00
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -28.35 -23.76 -13.41 -38.01 -28.62

Freight Air
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 6.52   7.16 5.84 4.90 4.42 5.25

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Aviation Gasoline 0.07   0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03
Aviation Turbo Fuel 6.45   7.13 5.81 4.87 4.39 5.22

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 1,754   2,227 1,997 1,809 1,628 2,085
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 3.72   3.21 2.93 2.71 2.71 2.52
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   0.64 -0.68 -1.62 -2.10 -1.27

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   3.29 3.30 3.14 2.65 3.04
Structure Effect 0.00   -1.49 -2.20 -2.57 -2.57 -1.77
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -1.17 -1.77 -2.19 -2.18 -2.54

Footnotes:

1) “Off Road” includes vehicles not registered for on-road travel such as ATVs, snowmobiles, golf carts and some military vehicles.