Commercial/Institutional Sector
Canada
Table 54: Space Cooling Secondary Energy Use and GHG Emissions by Activity Type – Including Electricity-Related Emissions
  1990   2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total Space Cooling Energy Use (PJ) 30.3   55.3 60.4 44.7 46.6 55.3

Energy Use by Activity Type (PJ)
Wholesale Trade 2.1   3.3 3.5 2.6 2.6 3.0
Retail Trade 5.1   9.6 10.4 7.5 7.7 9.1
Transportation and Warehousing 1.4   1.8 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.7
Information and Cultural Industries 0.8   1.4 1.5 1.0 1.0 1.2
Offices1 9.9   19.7 21.8 16.5 17.4 20.7
Educational Services 3.9   6.9 7.5 5.5 5.7 6.7
Health Care and Social Assistance 3.7   6.4 7.1 5.4 5.7 6.9
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 0.6   1.3 1.4 1.0 1.0 1.3
Accommodation and Food Services 2.3   4.0 4.3 3.1 3.3 4.0
Other Services 0.6   0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8

Shares (%)
Wholesale Trade 6.9   5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Retail Trade 16.7   17.3 17.2 16.9 16.6 16.4
Transportation and Warehousing 4.6   3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Information and Cultural Industries 2.5   2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.2
Offices1 32.8   35.7 36.1 36.9 37.3 37.4
Educational Services 12.7   12.4 12.5 12.4 12.2 12.1
Health Care and Social Assistance 12.2   11.6 11.8 12.1 12.3 12.5
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 2.0   2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Accommodation and Food Services 7.6   7.3 7.2 6.9 7.1 7.2
Other Services 2.0   1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4

Activity
Floor Space (million m2) 305.21   659.13 671.59 680.80 686.76 696.20
Energy Intensity (GJ/m2) 0.10   0.08 0.09 0.07 0.07 0.08
Total Space Cooling GHG Emissions Including Electricity (Mt of CO2e) 1.7   2.4 2.4 1.8 1.8 2.1

GHG Emissions by Activity Type (Mt of CO2e)
Wholesale Trade 0.1   0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Retail Trade 0.3   0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Transportation and Warehousing 0.1   0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Information and Cultural Industries 0.0   0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Offices1 0.6   0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8
Educational Services 0.2   0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Health Care and Social Assistance 0.2   0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 0.0   0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Accommodation and Food Services 0.1   0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Other Services 0.0   0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Shares (%)
Wholesale Trade 6.9   5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Retail Trade 16.7   17.3 17.2 16.9 16.6 16.4
Transportation and Warehousing 4.6   3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Information and Cultural Industries 2.5   2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.2
Offices1 32.8   35.7 36.1 36.9 37.3 37.4
Educational Services 12.7   12.4 12.5 12.4 12.2 12.1
Health Care and Social Assistance 12.2   11.6 11.8 12.1 12.3 12.5
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 2.0   2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Accommodation and Food Services 7.6   7.3 7.2 6.9 7.1 7.2
Other Services 2.0   1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
GHG Intensity (tonne/TJ) 56.0   43.1 40.1 40.5 37.8 37.3
Cooling Degree-Day Index 1.05   1.51 1.70 1.18 1.11 1.37

Footnotes:

1) “Offices” includes activities related to finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional, scientific and technical services; public administration; and others.