Residential Sector
Canada
Table 10: Space Heating Secondary Energy Use by System Type
  1990   2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total Space Heating Energy Use (PJ) 957.5   965.8 965.9 1,058.6 1,101.9 1,046.8

Energy Use by System Type (PJ)
Heating Oil – Normal Efficiency 140.1   1.0 1.2 1.0 0.7 0.5
Heating Oil – Medium Efficiency 2.8   56.5 51.0 45.8 44.5 43.1
Heating Oil – High Efficiency 0.0   0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Natural Gas – Normal Efficiency 370.4   49.7 32.1 18.0 11.0 5.2
Natural Gas – Medium Efficiency 17.1   214.1 206.4 227.0 235.8 201.8
Natural Gas – High Efficiency 18.7   124.7 136.6 186.1 227.4 231.7
Electric 130.1   277.1 294.0 336.8 354.3 334.2
Heat Pump 7.6   15.7 16.1 18.6 19.8 19.0
Other1 18.2   14.8 16.3 13.4 12.2 11.7
Wood 36.2   19.9 21.4 23.8 22.0 23.0

Dual Systems
Wood/Electric 165.1   137.8 138.9 136.7 125.0 128.0
Wood/Heating Oil 41.1   37.0 35.4 33.7 30.5 30.7
Natural Gas/Electric 2.1   7.7 7.8 9.1 9.8 9.4
Heating Oil/Electric 7.9   9.7 8.7 8.5 8.8 8.6

Shares (%)
Heating Oil – Normal Efficiency 14.6   0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Heating Oil – Medium Efficiency 0.3   5.9 5.3 4.3 4.0 4.1
Heating Oil – High Efficiency 0.0   0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Natural Gas – Normal Efficiency 38.7   5.1 3.3 1.7 1.0 0.5
Natural Gas – Medium Efficiency 1.8   22.2 21.4 21.4 21.4 19.3
Natural Gas – High Efficiency 2.0   12.9 14.1 17.6 20.6 22.1
Electric 13.6   28.7 30.4 31.8 32.2 31.9
Heat Pump 0.8   1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Other1 1.9   1.5 1.7 1.3 1.1 1.1
Wood 3.8   2.1 2.2 2.3 2.0 2.2

Dual Systems
Wood/Electric 17.2   14.3 14.4 12.9 11.3 12.2
Wood/Heating Oil 4.3   3.8 3.7 3.2 2.8 2.9
Natural Gas/Electric 0.2   0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Heating Oil/Electric 0.8   1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8

Activity
Total Floor Space (million m2) 1,208   1,881 1,910 1,967 1,997 2,026
Energy Intensity (GJ/m2) 0.79   0.51 0.51 0.54 0.55 0.52
Heat Gains (PJ) 89.8   88.0 74.8 80.1 83.5 76.6
Heating Degree-Day Index 0.92   0.90 0.84 0.93 0.98 0.92

Footnotes:

1) “Other” includes coal and propane.