Canada’s Secondary Energy Use (Final Demand) by Sector, End Use and Subsector
  1990   2011 2012 2013 2014
Total Energy Use (PJ)a,b,e 6,957.1   8,659.2 8,706.5 8,967.7 9,112.5
Residential (PJ)a,b 1,424.5   1,525.0 1,457.3 1,517.3 1,560.5
Space Heating 957.5   962.9 894.8 959.3 996.5
Water Heating 230.8   299.1 295.6 295.3 300.0
Appliances 176.8   183.7 185.3 189.0 191.9
Major Appliances 148.5   111.2 109.8 110.3 109.5
Other Appliances1 28.3   72.5 75.5 78.7 82.3
Lighting 49.5   54.4 54.0 54.4 53.8
Space Cooling 10.0   24.9 27.6 19.4 18.3
Commercial/Institutional (PJ)a,c 745.6   947.8 925.6 924.9 982.9
Space Heating 449.9   521.2 488.3 508.4 554.2
Water Heating 57.7   76.1 76.2 72.6 74.5
Auxiliary Equipment 54.3   125.9 127.4 132.5 140.8
Auxiliary Motors 60.4   60.3 60.2 60.4 59.0
Lighting 84.0   105.3 108.6 104.5 108.6
Space Cooling 30.3   51.4 57.4 38.8 38.2
Street Lighting f 8.9   7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6
Industrial (PJ)a,e 2,710.0   3,312.4 3,424.5 3,560.9 3,613.3
Mining 347.6   1,043.5 1,150.6 1,266.7 1,300.6
Pulp and Paper 728.2   543.4 524.9 559.7 551.9
Iron and Steel 219.4   226.8 230.9 214.6 231.6
Smelting and Refining 183.3   247.8 228.8 224.5 230.9
Cement 59.3   56.7 56.9 54.9 57.5
Chemicals 223.2   271.4 272.2 284.4 306.3
Petroleum Refining 323.2   320.4 343.4 324.2 303.3
Other Manufacturing 551.1   504.0 516.1 533.9 533.1
Forestry 7.7   19.8 19.0 19.1 19.2
Construction 66.9   78.5 81.6 79.0 78.9
Total Transportation (PJ)a 1,877.9   2,604.4 2,633.6 2,685.9 2,676.8
Passenger Transportation (PJ)a,d 1,154.0   1,328.0 1,354.9 1,387.1 1,365.2
Cars 705.5   576.7 564.1 561.7 537.4
Trucks 215.5   459.7 467.9 489.0 490.6
Motorcycles 2.4   5.4 5.6 5.6 5.5
Buses 46.0   61.3 57.4 61.0 60.2
Air 180.9   222.1 257.4 267.7 269.5
Rail 3.8   2.8 2.4 2.1 2.0
Freight Transportation (PJ)a,d 670.5   1,170.2 1,171.1 1,188.8 1,199.5
Light Trucks 97.6   178.8 184.0 192.2 193.3
Medium Trucks 120.6   303.9 300.9 315.3 316.0
Heavy Trucks 253.6   490.6 491.4 495.1 510.3
Air 6.5   5.3 6.1 6.3 6.1
Rail 85.7   93.0 94.2 90.9 93.8
Marine 106.5   98.5 94.4 89.0 80.0
Off-Road (PJ)d 53.3   106.2 107.7 110.0 112.1
Agriculture (PJ)a 199.2   269.6 265.3 278.6 279.0

Footnotes:

1) “Other Appliances” includes small appliances such as televisions, video cassette recorders, digital video disc players, radios, computers and toasters.

Sources:

a) Statistics Canada, Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada, 1990–2014, Ottawa, 2016 (CANSIM).
b) Natural Resources Canada, Residential End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2016.
c) Natural Resources Canada, Commercial/Institutional End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2016.
d) Natural Resources Canada, Transportation End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2016.
e) Canadian Industrial Energy End-Use Data and Analysis Centre, Development of Energy Intensity Indicators for Canadian Industry 1990 to 2014, Simon Fraser University, 2016.
f) Statistics Canada, Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution 1990-2007 (Cat. No. 57-202-X). Data for reference year 2008 onward were provided on request.