Canada’s GHG Emissions by Sector, End Use and Subsector
Including Electricity-Related Emissions
  1990   2012 2013 2014 2015
Total GHG Emissions Including Electricity (Mt of CO2e)a,b,d,e,f 401.1   486.1 498.2 495.0 489.2
Residential (Mt of CO2e)a,b,e 72.8   66.3 69.0 69.1 65.4
Space Heating 47.0   41.9 45.9 47.1 44.1
Water Heating 12.5   15.7 15.1 14.8 14.2
Appliances 9.9   5.9 5.7 5.2 5.0
Major Appliances 8.3   3.6 3.4 3.1 2.9
Other Appliances1 1.6   2.3 2.3 2.1 2.1
Lighting 2.8   1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Space Cooling 0.6   1.1 0.7 0.6 0.8
Commercial/Institutional (Mt of CO2e)a,c,e 41.0   43.9 45.4 46.7 45.2
Space Heating 24.4   25.0 26.7 28.6 27.1
Water Heating 3.2   4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
Auxiliary Equipment 3.1   5.3 5.6 5.4 5.5
Auxiliary Motors 3.4   2.5 2.6 2.4 2.1
Lighting 4.7   4.4 4.4 4.2 4.1
Space Cooling 1.7   2.4 1.8 1.8 2.1
Street Lightingg 0.5   0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Industrial (Mt of CO2e)a,e,f 141.5   175.3 179.0 177.9 177.6
Mining 22.5   73.3 79.2 80.5 84.2
Pulp and Paper 24.5   9.8 10.4 9.9 9.4
Iron and Steel 16.5   16.6 14.7 15.8 13.9
Smelting and Refining 10.9   10.3 10.1 9.5 9.4
Cement 4.4   4.3 4.1 4.3 4.3
Chemicals 10.8   12.4 12.9 13.0 13.0
Petroleum Refining 18.2   20.3 19.1 18.9 18.1
Other Manufacturing 28.7   21.3 21.7 19.5 18.2
Forestry 0.6   1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Construction 4.3   5.5 5.3 5.1 5.6
Total Transportation (Mt of CO2e)a,d,e 132.3   182.9 186.2 183.0 182.3
Passenger Transportation (Mt of CO2e)a,d,e 80.9   92.2 94.2 91.3 92.6
Cars 49.3   38.2 37.9 35.8 35.7
Light Trucks 15.1   31.7 33.0 32.8 34.2
Motorcycles 0.2   0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Buses 3.1   4.0 4.2 4.0 3.8
Air 12.9   17.8 18.5 18.2 18.4
Rail 0.3   0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Freight Transportation (Mt of CO2e)a,d,e 47.7   83.4 84.6 84.0 81.8
Light Trucks 6.7   12.5 13.0 12.9 13.4
Medium Trucks 8.2   21.0 22.1 21.9 21.3
Heavy Trucks 17.8   35.1 35.4 35.5 34.8
Air 0.5   0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Rail 6.7   7.4 7.1 7.3 7.2
Marine 7.9   7.0 6.6 5.9 4.8
Off-Road (Mt of CO2e)d,e 3.7   7.4 7.5 7.7 7.9
Agriculture (Mt of CO2e)a,e 13.5   17.8 18.7 18.4 18.6

Footnotes:

1) “Other Appliances” includes small appliances such as televisions, video cassette recorders, digital video disc players, radios, computers and toasters.

Sources:

a) Statistics Canada, Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada 1990–2015 Ottawa, 2017 (CANSIM).
b) Natural Resources Canada, Residential End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2017.
c) Natural Resources Canada, Commercial/Institutional End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2017.
d) Natural Resources Canada, Transportation End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2017.
e) Environment and Climate Change Canada, Natioinal Inventory Report, 1990–2015: Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada, Ottawa, 2017.
f) Canadian Industrial Energy End-Use Data and Analysis Centre, Development of Energy Intensity Indicators for Canadian Industry 1990 to 2015, Simon Fraser University, 2017.
g) Statistics Canada, Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution, 1990–2007 (Cat. No. 57-202-X). Data for reference year 2008 onward were provided on request.