Transportation Secondary Energy Use by Energy Source and Transportation Mode
  1990   2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total Energy Use (PJ)a 1,877.9   2,612.4 2,637.0 2,689.4 2,646.7 2,637.5
Passenger Transportationb 1,154.0   1,334.5 1,356.4 1,388.3 1,350.8 1,368.1
Freight Transportationb 670.5   1,171.8 1,172.9 1,191.3 1,184.2 1,154.8
Off-Road1,b 53.3   106.2 107.7 109.7 111.8 114.6

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)a
Electricity 3.1   3.8 4.0 4.4 3.8 3.8
Natural Gas 1.7   1.6 1.7 1.5 3.9 3.9
Motor Gasoline 1,120.4   1,377.7 1,379.8 1,422.8 1,394.3 1,484.2
Diesel Fuel Oil 469.8   856.7 841.2 851.2 845.3 828.1
Ethanol n.a.   66.4 69.4 64.2 68.2 n.a.
Biodiesel Fuel 0.0   n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 0.0   0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heavy Fuel Oil 60.1   61.2 62.8 59.4 50.8 34.6
Aviation Gasoline 5.5   2.1 2.6 2.2 1.9 2.2
Aviation Turbo Fuel 181.9   229.1 260.9 271.8 268.1 270.0
Propane 35.4   13.8 14.6 12.0 10.4 10.6

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)b
Cars 705.5   577.6 565.0 562.5 533.4 530.9
Passenger Light Trucks 215.5   460.1 468.4 489.4 487.8 507.6
Freight Light Trucks 97.6   179.7 184.9 193.0 192.7 199.6
Medium Trucks 120.6   305.4 302.3 317.0 314.8 305.4
Heavy Trucks 253.6   489.7 491.1 495.2 497.2 486.9
Motorcycles 2.4   5.4 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.5
School Buses 13.5   16.3 14.4 13.1 12.1 12.2
Urban Transit 24.6   41.1 38.0 42.0 39.8 37.3
Inter-City Buses 7.9   5.4 5.2 6.0 6.2 5.8
Passenger Air 180.9   225.7 257.4 267.7 264.0 266.7
Freight Air 6.5   5.4 6.1 6.3 6.0 5.5
Passenger Rail 3.8   2.8 2.4 2.1 2.0 2.1
Freight Rail 85.7   93.0 94.2 90.9 93.4 92.4
Marine 106.5   98.5 94.4 89.0 80.1 65.0
Off-Road1 53.3   106.2 107.7 109.7 111.8 114.6

Activity
Total Passenger-kilometres2 (millions)b 492,296   736,150 741,558 751,811 742,317 761,751
Total Tonne-kilometres (millions)b 574,543   852,589 886,318 917,325 959,523 971,527
Passenger Transportation Energy Intensity2 (MJ/Pkm)b 2.26   1.78 1.80 1.82 1.79 1.77
Freight Transportation Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm)b 1.17   1.37 1.32 1.30 1.23 1.19

Footnotes:

1) “Off Road” includes vehicles not registered for on-road travel such as ATVs, snowmobiles, golf carts and some military vehicles.
2) Excludes non-commercial aviation.

Sources:

a) Statistics Canada, Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada, 1990–2015, Ottawa, 2017.
b) Natural Resources Canada, Transportation End-Use Model, Ottawa, 2017.