Table 1 Comparison of energy consumption, GDP and energy intensity of the Manufacturing sector and selected subsectors, 1995-2015
  Change in energy consumption Change in GDP Change in energy intensity
(%) (PJ) (%) (billion $) (%)
Total Manufacturing (NAICS 31–33) -16.1 -401.7 19.3 27.9 -29.7
Paper (NAICS 322) -39.9 -359.4 -19.3 -1.8 -25.5
Primary Metal (NAICS 331) -13.4 -67.7 18.0 1.9 -26.6
Chemical (NAICS 325) 10.6 29.5 25.4 2.9 -11.8
Petroleum and Coal Product (NAICS 324) -0.1 -0.5 12.2 0.7 -11.0
Wood Product (NAICS 321) 20.7 22.5 53.8 3.3 -21.5
Food (NAICS 311) 37.8 32.1 38.4 6.2 -0.4
Non-Metallic Mineral Product (NAICS 327) -24.0 -28.2 60.8 2.2 -52.8
Other Manufacturing subsectors -14.6 -30.1 15.3 12.5 -25.9