Transportation Sector – Energy Use Analysis
  2000   2013 2014 2015 2016
Total Transportation
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 2,265.90   2,692.80 2,650.51 2,639.25 2,639.81
Passenger Transportation 1,275.42   1,391.70 1,357.91 1,387.83 1,424.41
Freight Transportation 908.94   1,191.37 1,180.46 1,136.50 1,097.62
Off-Road1 81.54   109.74 112.14 114.92 117.79

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Cars 625.46   564.01 535.88 536.08 531.66
Light Trucks 508.10   683.17 686.39 718.78 771.21
Medium Trucks 157.10   316.82 308.61 295.85 288.06
Heavy Trucks 408.19   495.13 497.95 470.46 440.19
Motorcycles 2.47   5.70 5.56 5.69 5.78
School Buses 14.69   13.17 12.53 12.33 13.54
Urban Transit 28.45   41.72 39.99 40.43 35.99
Inter-City Buses 7.14   6.00 6.14 5.14 4.30
Passenger Air 231.97   268.99 263.56 269.81 277.13
Freight Air 8.10   6.32 6.25 5.59 5.97
Passenger Rail 2.97   2.10 1.99 2.00 2.03
Freight Rail 81.51   90.95 93.42 88.85 81.45
Marine 108.23   88.98 80.11 73.31 64.72
Off-Road1 81.54   109.74 112.14 114.92 117.79

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.12   4.08 4.48 5.15 5.24
Natural Gas 2.38   1.49 3.91 3.92 4.05
Motor Gasoline 1,282.52   1,424.36 1,396.84 1,499.25 1,553.08
Diesel Fuel Oil 660.35   852.05 846.01 804.07 750.95
Ethanol 0.00   64.18 68.24 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 61.40   59.37 50.78 40.75 31.31
Aviation Gasoline 3.57   2.21 1.94 2.21 2.31
Aviation Turbo Fuel 236.50   273.10 267.87 273.19 280.79
Propane 16.06   11.97 10.45 10.72 12.08

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 610,330   753,648 747,398 771,284 803,761
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 775,466   917,354 962,619 970,680 975,773
Passenger Transportation Energy Intensity Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (MJ/Pkm) 2.05   1.82 1.79 1.77 1.74
Freight Transportation Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 1.17   1.30 1.23 1.17 1.12
Total Change in Energy Excluding Off-Road and Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ) 0.00   403.22 361.06 345.58 341.07

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   447.77 493.62 545.81 608.70
Structure Effect 0.00   222.56 207.07 220.42 254.43
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -267.12 -339.62 -420.64 -522.06

Total Passenger Transportation
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 1,275.42   1,391.70 1,357.9 1,387.83 1,424.4
Total Energy Use Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ) 1,248.48   1,369.27 1,338.02 1,366.50 1,400.87

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Cars 625.46   564.01 535.88 536.08 531.66
Light Trucks 362.27   490.01 492.27 516.35 553.97
Medium Trucks 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Trucks 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Motorcycles 2.47   5.70 5.56 5.69 5.78
School Buses 14.69   13.17 12.53 12.33 13.54
Urban Transit 28.45   41.72 39.99 40.43 35.99
Inter-City Buses 7.14   6.00 6.14 5.14 4.30
Air 231.97   268.99 263.56 269.81 277.13
Rail 2.97   2.10 1.99 2.00 2.03
Marine 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Off-Road1 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.12   4.08 4.48 5.15 5.24
Natural Gas 2.28   1.23 3.52 3.53 3.66
Motor Gasoline 971.52   997.41 968.89 1,039.94 1,072.82
Diesel Fuel Oil 58.97   69.10 64.89 64.15 59.51
Ethanol 0.00   45.15 47.51 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 0.76   0.89 1.31 1.64 1.70
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 204.27   245.67 242.35 246.83 251.90
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 2.78   1.30 0.59 0.53 0.57
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 24.16   21.13 19.31 20.80 22.96
Propane 7.55   5.75 5.06 5.26 6.05

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 610,330   753,648 747,398 771,284 803,761
Energy Intensity Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (MJ/Pkm) 2.05   1.82 1.79 1.77 1.74
Total Change in Energy Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ) 0.00   120.79 89.54 118.03 152.39

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   273.58 262.3 304.84 361.9
Structure Effect 0.00   11.42 14.72 19.18 19.45
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -164.20 -187.49 -206.00 -228.96

Light Vehicles
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 990.20   1,059.73 1,033.72 1,058.12 1,091.41

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Cars 625.46   564.01 535.88 536.08 531.66
Light Trucks 362.27   490.01 492.27 516.35 553.97
Motorcycles 2.47   5.70 5.56 5.69 5.78

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.98   0.52 1.14 0.66 0.44
Motor Gasoline 968.86   996.25 967.41 1,038.45 1,071.08
Diesel Fuel Oil 12.81   12.11 12.66 13.76 13.85
Ethanol 0.00   45.10 47.44 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 7.55   5.75 5.06 5.26 6.05

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 456,442   530,760 518,991 535,145 554,097
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 2.17   2.00 1.99 1.98 1.97
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   69.53 43.52 67.92 101.21

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   218.26 209.55 242.45 286.77
Structure Effect 0.00   -40.22 -51.73 -50.13 -52.46
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -108.52 -114.30 -124.40 -133.10

Cars
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 625.46   564.01 535.88 536.08 531.66

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.98   0.52 1.14 0.65 0.43
Motor Gasoline 615.00   526.91 498.11 522.93 518.78
Diesel Fuel Oil 3.65   8.30 8.32 8.34 7.61
Ethanol 0.00   23.75 24.31 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 5.83   4.53 4.01 4.17 4.83

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 311,431   311,422 297,424 300,378 299,834
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 2.01   1.81 1.80 1.78 1.77
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -61.45 -89.58 -89.38 -93.81

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   128.47 123.89 140.75 162.77
Structure Effect 0.00   -125.96 -146.69 -158.61 -181.77
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -63.96 -66.78 -71.53 -74.81

Light Trucks
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 362.27   490.01 492.27 516.35 553.97

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00
Motor Gasoline 351.39   463.88 463.99 509.83 546.52
Diesel Fuel Oil 9.16   3.80 4.34 5.42 6.24
Ethanol 0.00   21.11 22.88 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 1.72   1.22 1.06 1.09 1.21

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 143,363   216,087 218,398 231,522 250,756
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 2.53   2.27 2.25 2.23 2.21
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   127.74 130.00 154.08 191.70

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   88.94 84.85 100.71 122.77
Structure Effect 0.00   84.45 93.76 107.33 127.96
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -45.65 -48.62 -53.96 -59.03

Motorcycles
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 2.47   5.70 5.56 5.69 5.78

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Motor Gasoline 2.47   5.47 5.31 5.69 5.78
Ethanol 0.00   0.24 0.25 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 1,649   3,250 3,170 3,245 3,507
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 1.50   1.75 1.75 1.75 1.65
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   3.24 3.10 3.23 3.32

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   0.85 0.81 0.98 1.22
Structure Effect 0.00   1.29 1.19 1.15 1.36
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   1.09 1.10 1.10 0.74

Buses
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 50.27   60.88 58.65 57.90 53.84

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
School Buses 14.69   13.17 12.53 12.33 13.54
Urban Transit 28.45   41.72 39.99 40.43 35.99
Inter-City Buses 7.14   6.00 6.14 5.14 4.30

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.12   4.08 4.48 5.15 5.24
Natural Gas 1.30   0.71 2.37 2.87 3.22
Motor Gasoline 2.67   1.15 1.48 1.50 1.74
Diesel Fuel Oil 43.18   54.89 50.24 48.39 43.63
Ethanol 0.00   0.05 0.07 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 47,458   65,595 60,375 59,133 55,582
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 1.06   0.93 0.97 0.98 0.97
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   10.61 8.38 7.62 3.56

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   11.69 11.19 13.02 15.32
Structure Effect 0.00   10.47 6.91 4.66 -5.60
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -11.55 -9.72 -10.06 -6.16

School Buses
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 14.69   13.17 12.53 12.33 13.54

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.23   0.04 0.24 0.94 1.31
Motor Gasoline 1.81   0.70 0.98 0.98 1.16
Diesel Fuel Oil 12.64   12.40 11.27 10.40 11.07
Ethanol 0.00   0.03 0.05 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 23,892   32,422 29,692 28,606 30,293
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 0.61   0.41 0.42 0.43 0.45
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -1.52 -2.16 -2.36 -1.14

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   2.97 2.86 3.25 3.78
Structure Effect 0.00   1.37 0.35 -0.49 -0.29
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -5.86 -5.37 -5.11 -4.64

Urban Transit
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 28.45   41.72 39.99 40.43 35.99

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Electricity 3.12   4.08 4.48 5.15 5.24
Natural Gas 1.06   0.67 2.14 1.93 1.91
Motor Gasoline 0.05   0.17 0.20 0.24 0.31
Diesel Fuel Oil 24.22   36.79 33.15 33.12 28.53
Ethanol 0.00   0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 14,592   24,994 23,934 24,151 19,426
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 1.95   1.67 1.67 1.67 1.85
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   13.27 11.53 11.98 7.54

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   7.36 7.02 8.29 9.86
Structure Effect 0.00   11.02 9.60 8.70 -1.18
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -5.11 -5.09 -5.00 -1.14

Inter-City Buses
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 7.14   6.00 6.14 5.14 4.30

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Motor Gasoline 0.82   0.28 0.30 0.27 0.28
Diesel Fuel Oil 6.32   5.70 5.82 4.87 4.03
Ethanol 0.00   0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 8,974   8,179 6,749 6,375 5,863
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 0.80   0.73 0.91 0.81 0.73
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -1.14 -1.00 -2.00 -2.83

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   1.36 1.31 1.49 1.68
Structure Effect 0.00   -1.93 -3.04 -3.54 -4.13
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -0.57 0.74 0.06 -0.39

Passenger Rail
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 2.97   2.10 1.99 2.00 2.03

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 2.97   2.10 1.99 2.00 2.03

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 1,549   1,365 1,327 1,349 1,408
Energy Intensity (MJ/Pkm) 1.92   1.54 1.50 1.49 1.44
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -0.87 -0.99 -0.97 -0.95

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   0.57 0.55 0.61 0.69
Structure Effect 0.00   -0.91 -0.95 -0.98 -0.98
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -0.52 -0.58 -0.60 -0.66

Passenger Air
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 231.97   268.99 263.56 269.81 277.13

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 0.76   0.89 1.31 1.64 1.70
Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 204.27   245.67 242.35 246.83 251.90
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Gasoline 2.78   1.30 0.59 0.53 0.57
Non-Commercial Aviation – Aviation Turbo Fuel 24.16   21.13 19.31 20.80 22.96

Activity
Passenger-kilometres (millions) 104,882   155,927 166,704 175,657 192,673
Energy Intensity Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (MJ/Pkm) 1.95   1.58 1.46 1.41 1.32
Total Change in Energy Excluding Non-Commercial Aviation (PJ) 0.00   41.53 38.63 43.45 48.57

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   43.06 41.02 48.76 59.11
Structure Effect 0.00   42.08 60.50 65.63 78.49
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -43.61 -62.89 -70.94 -89.04

Total Freight Transportation
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 908.94   1,191.37 1,180.46 1,136.50 1,097.62

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Light Trucks (0 to 3,855 kg [0 to 8,500 lb.]) 145.82   193.16 194.13 202.43 217.24
Medium Trucks (3,856 to 14,969 kg [8,501 to 33,000 lb.]) 157.10   316.82 308.61 295.85 288.06
Heavy Trucks (14,970 kg [33,001 lb.] or more) 408.19   495.13 497.95 470.46 440.19
Air 8.10   6.32 6.25 5.59 5.97
Rail 81.51   90.95 93.42 88.85 81.45
Marine 108.23   88.98 80.11 73.31 64.72

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.10   0.26 0.40 0.39 0.39
Motor Gasoline 229.45   321.80 320.85 344.38 362.47
Diesel Fuel Oil 601.39   782.96 781.12 739.92 691.45
Ethanol 0.00   14.44 15.69 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Light Fuel Oil and Kerosene 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heavy Fuel Oil 61.40   59.37 50.78 40.75 31.31
Aviation Gasoline 0.03   0.02 0.03 0.04 0.04
Aviation Turbo Fuel 8.07   6.30 6.21 5.55 5.93
Propane 8.51   6.22 5.38 5.46 6.03

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 775,466   917,354 962,619 970,680 975,773
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 1.17   1.30 1.23 1.17 1.12
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   282.42 271.52 227.56 188.68

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   174.20 231.31 240.97 246.81
Structure Effect 0.00   211.14 192.34 201.24 234.98
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -102.92 -152.13 -214.65 -293.11

Truck – Freight Transportation
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 711.11   1,005.11 1,000.69 968.74 945.48

Energy Use by Transportation Mode (PJ)
Light Trucks (0 to 3,855 kg [0 to 8,500 lb.]) 145.82   193.16 194.13 202.43 217.24
Medium Trucks (3,856 to 14,969 kg [8,501 to 33,000 lb.]) 157.10   316.82 308.61 295.85 288.06
Heavy Trucks (14,970 kg [33,001 lb.] or more) 408.19   495.13 497.95 470.46 440.19

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.10   0.26 0.40 0.39 0.39
Motor Gasoline 229.45   321.80 320.85 344.38 362.47
Diesel Fuel Oil 473.05   662.39 658.37 618.51 576.59
Ethanol 0.00   14.44 15.69 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 8.51   6.22 5.38 5.46 6.03

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 240,128   327,869 344,846 353,946 373,252
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 2.96   3.07 2.90 2.74 2.53
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   294.00 289.58 257.63 234.37

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   142.45 190.75 198.96 203.96
Structure Effect 0.00   234.96 218.42 228.78 265.59
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -83.40 -119.59 -170.10 -235.18

Light Trucks (0 to 3,855 kg [0 to 8,500 lb.])
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 145.82   193.16 194.13 202.43 217.24

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.06   0.12 0.18 0.12 0.10
Motor Gasoline 134.16   177.91 178.61 195.27 209.23
Diesel Fuel Oil 3.89   1.53 1.70 2.06 2.33
Ethanol 0.00   8.09 8.83 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 7.72   5.51 4.80 4.97 5.57

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 17,540   27,020 27,315 28,785 31,174
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 8.31   7.15 7.11 7.03 6.97
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   47.33 48.30 56.60 71.41

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   28.13 37.46 39.11 40.21
Structure Effect 0.00   43.94 36.71 45.45 61.08
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -24.74 -25.87 -27.96 -29.88

Medium Trucks (3,856 to 14,969 kg [8,501 to 33,000 lb.])
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 157.10   316.82 308.61 295.85 288.06

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Natural Gas 0.04   0.14 0.22 0.27 0.29
Motor Gasoline 95.29   143.90 142.24 149.12 153.24
Diesel Fuel Oil 60.98   165.73 158.71 145.98 134.07
Ethanol 0.00   6.35 6.86 0.00 0.00
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Propane 0.78   0.71 0.58 0.49 0.46

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 20,136   49,461 48,964 47,766 47,363
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 7.80   6.41 6.30 6.19 6.08
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   159.72 151.52 138.75 130.96

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   41.31 56.37 58.89 60.42
Structure Effect 0.00   166.82 148.60 138.60 134.60
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -48.40 -53.46 -58.73 -64.06

Heavy Trucks (14,970 kg [33,001 lb.] or more)
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 408.19   495.13 497.95 470.46 440.19

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 408.19   495.13 497.95 470.46 440.19
Biodiesel Fuel 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 202,453   251,387 268,567 277,396 294,716
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 2.02   1.97 1.85 1.70 1.49
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   86.95 89.76 62.28 32.00

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   73.00 96.92 100.95 103.34
Structure Effect 0.00   24.20 33.11 44.73 69.91
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -10.26 -40.26 -83.41 -141.25

Marine
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 108.23   88.98 80.11 73.31 64.72

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 46.83   29.62 29.33 32.56 33.40
Heavy Fuel Oil 61.40   59.37 50.78 40.75 31.31

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 210,499   201,080 199,935 202,637 204,085
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 0.51   0.44 0.40 0.36 0.32
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -19.24 -28.12 -34.91 -43.51

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   18.00 22.06 22.70 23.06
Structure Effect 0.00   -23.66 -28.21 -27.82 -27.69
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -13.58 -21.97 -29.80 -38.88

Freight Rail
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 81.51   90.95 93.42 88.85 81.45

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Diesel Fuel Oil 81.51   90.95 93.42 88.85 81.45

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 322,511   386,132 415,462 411,813 395,889
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 0.25   0.24 0.22 0.22 0.21
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   9.44 11.91 7.35 -0.05

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   12.52 16.96 17.72 18.16
Structure Effect 0.00   1.44 3.75 2.18 -1.62
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -4.51 -8.79 -12.55 -16.60

Freight Air
 
Total Energy Use (PJ) 8.10   6.32 6.25 5.59 5.97

Energy Use by Energy Source (PJ)
Aviation Gasoline 0.03   0.02 0.03 0.04 0.04
Aviation Turbo Fuel 8.07   6.30 6.21 5.55 5.93

Activity
Tonne-kilometres (millions) 2,327   2,273 2,376 2,284 2,547
Energy Intensity (MJ/Tkm) 3.48   2.78 2.63 2.45 2.34
Total Change in Energy (PJ) 0.00   -1.78 -1.85 -2.51 -2.13

Energy Indicator Analysis
 
Change in Energy Due to (PJ)
Activity Effect 0.00   1.24 1.54 1.59 1.62
Structure Effect 0.00   -1.59 -1.62 -1.90 -1.30
Energy Efficiency Effect 0.00   -1.42 -1.77 -2.20 -2.45

Footnotes:

1) “Off Road” includes vehicles not registered for on-road travel such as ATVs, snowmobiles, golf carts and some military vehicles.